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Glossary for Geotechnical Engineering(Simplified Chinese)

 

Input Date::[2008/4/20 21:33:54]    From:Geosyntech Co.,Ltd.

 

1. 综合类
大地工程geotechnical engineering
反分析法back analysis method
基础工程foundation engineering
临界状态土力学critical state soil mechanics
数值岩土力学numerical geomechanics
土soil, earth
土动力学soil dynamics
土力学soil mechanics
岩土工程geotechnical engineering
应力路径stress path
应力路径法stress path method

2. 工程地质及勘察
变质岩metamorphic rock
标准冻深standard frost penetration
冰川沉积glacial deposit
冰积层(台)glacial deposit
残积土eluvial soil, residual soil
层理beding
长石feldspar
沉积岩sedimentary rock
承压水confined water
次生矿物secondary mineral
地质年代geological age
地质图geological map
地下水groundwater
断层fault
断裂构造fracture structure
工程地质勘察engineering geological exploration
海积层(台)marine deposit
海相沉积marine deposit
花岗岩granite
滑坡landslide
化石fossil
化学沉积岩chemical sedimentary rock
阶地terrace
节理joint
解理cleavage
喀斯特karst
矿物硬度hardness of minerals
砾岩conglomerate
流滑flow slide
陆相沉积continental sedimentation
泥石流mud flow, debris flow
年粘土矿物clay minerals
凝灰岩tuff
牛轭湖ox-bow lake
浅成岩hypabyssal rock
潜水ground water
侵入岩intrusive rock
取土器geotome
砂岩sandstone
砂嘴spit, sand spit
山岩压力rock pressure
深成岩plutionic rock
石灰岩limestone
石英quartz
松散堆积物rickle
围限地下水(台)confined ground water
泻湖lagoon
岩爆rock burst
岩层产状attitude of rock
岩浆岩magmatic rock, igneous rock
岩脉dike, dgke
岩石风化程度degree of rock weathering
岩石构造structure of rock
岩石结构texture of rock
岩体rock mass
页岩shale
原生矿物primary mineral
云母mica
造岩矿物rock-forming mineral
褶皱fold, folding
钻孔柱状图bore hole columnar section

3. 土的分类
饱和土saturated soil
超固结土overconsolidated soil
冲填土dredger fill
充重塑土
冻土frozen soil, tjaele
非饱和土unsaturated soil
分散性土dispersive soil
粉土silt, mo
粉质粘土silty clay
高岭石kaolinite
过压密土(台)overconsolidated soil
红粘土red clay, adamic earth
黄土loess, huangtu(China)
蒙脱石montmorillonite
泥炭peat, bog muck
年粘土clay
年粘性土cohesive soil, clayey soil
膨胀土expansive soil, swelling soil
欠固结粘土underconsolidated soil
区域性土zonal soil
人工填土fill, artificial soil
软粘土soft clay, mildclay, mickle
砂土sand
湿陷性黄土collapsible loess, slumping loess
素填土plain fill
塑性图plasticity chart
碎石土stone, break stone, broken stone, channery, chat, crushed sto
ne, deritus
未压密土(台)underconsolidated clay
无粘性土cohesionless soil, frictional soil, non-cohesive soil
岩石rock
伊利土illite
有机质土organic soil
淤泥muck, gyttja, mire, slush
淤泥质土mucky soil
原状土undisturbed soil
杂填土miscellaneous fill
正常固结土normally consolidated soil
正常压密土(台)normally consolidated soil
自重湿陷性黄土self weight collapse loess

4. 土的物理性质
阿太堡界限Atterberg limits
饱和度degree of saturation
饱和密度saturated density
饱和重度saturated unit weight
比重specific gravity
稠度consistency
不均匀系数coefficient of uniformity, uniformity coefficient
触变thixotropy
单粒结构single-grained structure
蜂窝结构honeycomb structure
干重度dry unit weight
干密度dry density
塑性指数plasticity index
含水量water content, moisture content
活性指数
级配gradation, grading
结合水bound water, combined water, held water
界限含水量Atterberg limits
颗粒级配particle size distribution of soils, mechanical composi
tion of soil
可塑性plasticity
孔隙比void ratio
孔隙率porosity
粒度granularity, grainness, grainage
粒组fraction, size fraction
毛细管水capillary water
密度density
密实度compactionness
年粘性土的灵敏度sensitivity of cohesive soil
平均粒径mean diameter, average grain diameter
曲率系数coefficient of curvature
三相图block diagram, skeletal diagram, three phase diagram
三相土tri-phase soil
湿陷起始应力initial collapse pressure
湿陷系数coefficient of collapsibility
缩限shrinkage limit
土的构造soil texture
土的结构soil structure
土粒相对密度specific density of solid particles
土中气air in soil
土中水water in soil
团粒aggregate, cumularpharolith
限定粒径constrained diameter
相对密度relative density, density index
相对压密度relative compaction, compacting factor, percent compa
ction, coefficient of compaction
絮状结构flocculent structure
压密系数coefficient of consolidation
压缩性compressibility
液限liquid limit
液性指数liquidity index
游离水(台)free water
有效粒径effective diameter, effective grain size, effective size
有效密度effective density
有效重度effective unit weight
重力密度unit weight
自由水free water, gravitational water, groundwater, phreatic water
组构fabric
最大干密度maximum dry density
最优含水量optimum water content

5. 渗透性和渗流
达西定律Darcy s law
管涌piping
浸润线phreatic line
临界水力梯度critical hydraulic gradient
流函数flow function
流土flowing soil
流网 flow net
砂沸sand boiling
渗流seepage
渗流量seepage discharge
渗流速度seepage velocity
渗透力seepage force
渗透破坏seepage failure
渗透系数coefficient of permeability
渗透性permeability
势函数potential function
水力梯度hydraulic gradient

6. 地基应力和变形
变形deformation
变形模量modulus of deformation
泊松比Poisson s ratio
布西涅斯克解Boussinnesq s solution
残余变形residual deformation
残余孔隙水压力residual pore water pressure
超静孔隙水压力excess pore water pressure
沉降settlement
沉降比settlement ratio
次固结沉降secondary consolidation settlement
次固结系数coefficient of secondary consolidation
地基沉降的弹性力学公式elastic formula for settlement calculation
分层总和法layerwise summation method
负孔隙水压力negative pore water pressure
附加应力superimposed stress
割线模量secant modulus
固结沉降consolidation settlement
规范沉降计算法settlement calculation by specification
回弹变形rebound deformation
回弹模量modulus of resilience
回弹系数coefficient of resilience
回弹指数swelling index
建筑物的地基变形允许值allowable settlement of building
剪胀dilatation
角点法corner-points method
孔隙气压力pore air pressure
孔隙水压力pore water pressure
孔隙压力系数Apore pressure parameter A
孔隙压力系数Bpore pressure parameter B
明德林解Mindlin s solution
纽马克感应图Newmark chart
切线模量tangent modulus
蠕变creep
三向变形条件下的固结沉降three-dimensional consolidation settl
ement
瞬时沉降immediate settlement
塑性变形plastic deformation
谈弹性变形elastic deformation
谈弹性模量elastic modulus
谈弹性平衡状态state of elastic equilibrium
体积变形模量volumetric deformation modulus
先期固结压力preconsolidation pressure
压缩层
压缩模量modulus of compressibility
压缩系数coefficient of compressibility
压缩性compressibility
压缩指数compression index
有效应力effective stress
自重应力self-weight stress
总应力total stress approach of shear strength
最终沉降final settlement

7. 固结
巴隆固结理论Barron s consolidation theory
比奥固结理论Biot s consolidation theory
超固结比over-consolidation ratio
超静孔隙水压力excess pore water pressure
次固结secondary consolidation
次压缩(台)secondary consolidatin
单向度压密(台)one-dimensional consolidation
多维固结multi-dimensional consolidation
固结consolidation
固结度degree of consolidation
固结理论theory of consolidation
固结曲线consolidation curve
固结速率rate of consolidation
固结系数coefficient of consolidation
固结压力consolidation pressure
回弹曲线rebound curve
井径比drain spacing ratio
井阻well resistance
曼代尔-克雷尔效应Mandel-Cryer effect
潜变(台)creep
砂井sand drain
砂井地基平均固结度average degree of consolidation of sand-drained ground
时间对数拟合法logrithm of time fitting method
时间因子time factor
太沙基固结理论Terzaghi s consolidation theory
太沙基-伦杜列克扩散方程Terzaghi-Rendulic diffusion equation
先期固结压力preconsolidation pressure
压密(台)consolidation
压密度(台)degree of consolidation
压缩曲线cpmpression curve
一维固结one dimensional consolidation
有效应力原理principle of effective stress
预压密压力(台)preconsolidation pressure
原始压缩曲线virgin compression curve
再压缩曲线recompression curve
主固结primary consolidation
主压密(台)primary consolidation
准固结压力pseudo-consolidation pressure
K0固结consolidation under K0 condition

8. 抗剪强度
安息角(台)angle of repose
不排水抗剪强度undrained shear strength
残余内摩擦角residual angle of internal friction
残余强度residual strength
长期强度long-term strength
单轴抗拉强度uniaxial tension test
动强度dynamic strength of soils
峰值强度peak strength
伏斯列夫参数Hvorslev parameter
剪切应变速率shear strain rate
抗剪强度shear strength
抗剪强度参数shear strength parameter
抗剪强度有效应力法effective stress approach of shear strength
抗剪强度总应力法total stress approach of shear strength
库仑方程Coulomb s equation
摩尔包线Mohr s envelope
摩尔-库仑理论Mohr-Coulomb theory
内摩擦角angle of internal friction
年粘聚力cohesion
破裂角angle of rupture
破坏准则failure criterion
十字板抗剪强度vane strength
无侧限抗压强度unconfined compression strength
有效内摩擦角effective angle of internal friction
有效粘聚力effective cohesion intercept
有效应力破坏包线effective stress failure envelope
有效应力强度参数effective stress strength parameter
有效应力原理principle of effective stress
真内摩擦角true angle internal friction
真粘聚力true cohesion
总应力破坏包线total stress failure envelope
总应力强度参数total stress strength parameter

9. 本构模型
本构模型constitutive model
边界面模型boundary surface model
层向各向同性体模型cross anisotropic model
超弹性模型hyperelastic model
德鲁克-普拉格准则Drucker-Prager criterion
邓肯-张模型Duncan-Chang model
动剪切强度
非线性弹性模量nonlinear elastic model
盖帽模型cap model
刚塑性模型rigid plastic model
割线模量secant modulus
广义冯·米赛斯屈服准则extended von Mises yield criterion
广义特雷斯卡屈服准则extended tresca yield criterion
加工软化work softening
加工硬化work hardening
加工硬化定律strain harding law
剑桥模型Cambridge model
柯西弹性模型Cauchy elastic model
拉特-邓肯模型Lade-Duncan model
拉特屈服准则Lade yield criterion
理想弹塑性模型ideal elastoplastic model
临界状态弹塑性模型critical state elastoplastic model
流变学模型rheological model
流动规则flow rule
摩尔-库仑屈服准则Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion
内蕴时间塑性模型endochronic plastic model
内蕴时间塑性理论endochronic theory
年粘弹性模型viscoelastic model
切线模量tangent modulus
清华弹塑性模型Tsinghua elastoplastic model
屈服面yield surface
沈珠江三重屈服面模型Shen Zhujiang three yield surface method
双参数地基模型
双剪应力屈服模型twin shear stress yield criterion
双曲线模型hyperbolic model
松岗元-中井屈服准则Matsuoka-Nakai yield criterion
塑性形变理论
谈弹塑性模量矩阵elastoplastic modulus matrix
谈弹塑性模型elastoplastic modulus
谈弹塑性增量理论incremental elastoplastic theory
谈弹性半空间地基模型elastic half-space foundation model
谈弹性变形elastic deformation
谈弹性模量elastic modulus
谈弹性模型elastic model
魏汝龙-Khosla-Wu模型Wei Rulong-Khosla-Wu model
文克尔地基模型Winkler foundation model
修正剑桥模型modified cambridge model
准弹性模型hypoelastic model

10. 地基承载力
冲剪破坏punching shear failure
次层(台)substratum
地基subgrade, ground, foundation soil
地基承载力bearing capacity of foundation soil
地基极限承载力ultimate bearing capacity of foundation soil
地基允许承载力allowable bearing capacity of foundation soil
地基稳定性stability of foundation soil
汉森地基承载力公式Hansen s ultimate bearing capacity formula
极限平衡状态state of limit equilibrium
加州承载比(美国)California Bearing Ratio
局部剪切破坏local shear failure
临塑荷载critical edge pressure
梅耶霍夫极限承载力公式Meyerhof s ultimate bearing capacity formula
普朗特承载力理论Prandel bearing capacity theory
斯肯普顿极限承载力公式Skempton s ultimate bearing capacity formula
太沙基承载力理论Terzaghi bearing capacity theory
魏锡克极限承载力公式Vesic s ultimate bearing capacity formula
整体剪切破坏general shear failure

11. 土压力
被动土压力passive earth pressure
被动土压力系数coefficient of passive earth pressure
极限平衡状态state of limit equilibrium
静止土压力earth pressue at rest
静止土压力系数coefficient of earth pressur at rest
库仑土压力理论Coulomb s earth pressure theory
库尔曼图解法Culmannn construction
朗肯土压力理论Rankine s earth pressure theory
朗肯状态Rankine state
谈弹性平衡状态state of elastic equilibrium
土压力earth pressure
主动土压力active earth pressure
主动土压力系数coefficient of active earth pressure

12. 土坡稳定
分析安息角(台)angle of repose
分析毕肖普法Bishop method
分析边坡稳定安全系数safety factor of slope
分析不平衡推理传递法unbalanced thrust transmission method
分析费伦纽斯条分法Fellenius method of slices
分析库尔曼法Culmann method
分析摩擦圆法friction circle method
分析摩根斯坦-普拉斯法Morgenstern-Price method
分析铅直边坡的临界高度critical height of vertical slope
分析瑞典圆弧滑动法Swedish circle method
分析斯宾赛法Spencer method
分析泰勒法Taylor method
分析条分法slice method
分析土坡slope
分析土坡稳定分析slope stability analysis
分析土坡稳定极限分析法limit analysis method of slope stability
分析土坡稳定极限平衡法limit equilibrium method of slope stability
分析休止角angle of repose
分析扬布普遍条分法Janbu general slice method
分析圆弧分析法circular arc analysis

13. 土的动力性质
比阻尼容量specific gravity capacity
波的弥散特性dispersion of waves
波速法wave velocity method
材料阻尼material damping
初始液化initial liquefaction
地基固有周期natural period of soil site
动剪切模量dynamic shear modulus of soils
动力布西涅斯克解dynamic solution of Boussinesq
动力放大因素dynamic magnification factor
动力性质dynamic properties of soils
动强度dynamic strength of soils
骨架波akeleton waves in soils
几何阻尼geometric damping
抗液化强度liquefaction stress
孔隙流体波fluid wave in soil
损耗角loss angle
往返活动性reciprocating activity
无量纲频率dimensionless frequency
液化liquefaction
液化势评价evaluation of liquefaction potential
液化应力比stress ratio of liquefaction
应力波stress waves in soils
振陷dynamic settlement
阻尼damping of soil
阻尼比damping ratio

14. 挡土墙
挡土墙retaining wall
挡土墙排水设施
挡土墙稳定性stability of retaining wall
垛式挡土墙
扶垛式挡土墙counterfort retaining wall
后垛墙(台)counterfort retaining wall
基础墙foundation wall
加筋土挡墙reinforced earth bulkhead
锚定板挡土墙anchored plate retaining wall
锚定式板桩墙anchored sheet pile wall
锚杆式挡土墙anchor rod retaining wall
悬壁式板桩墙cantilever sheet pile wall
悬壁式挡土墙cantilever sheet pile wall
重力式挡土墙gravity retaining wall

15. 板桩结构
物板桩sheet pile
物板桩结构sheet pile structure
物钢板桩steel sheet pile
物钢筋混凝土板桩reinforced concrete sheet pile
物钢桩steel pile
物灌注桩cast-in-place pile
物拉杆tie rod
物锚定式板桩墙anchored sheet pile wall
物锚固技术anchoring
物锚座Anchorage
物木板桩wooden sheet pile
物木桩timber piles
物悬壁式板桩墙cantilever sheet pile wall

16. 基坑开挖与降水
板桩围护sheet pile-braced cuts
电渗法electro-osmotic drainage
管涌piping
基底隆起heave of base
基坑降水dewatering
基坑失稳instability (failure) of foundation pit
基坑围护bracing of foundation pit
减压井relief well
降低地下水位法dewatering method
井点系统well point system
喷射井点eductor well point
铅直边坡的临界高度critical height of vertical slope
砂沸sand boiling
深井点deep well point
真空井点vacuum well point
支撑围护braced cuts

17. 浅基础
补偿性基础compensated foundation
持力层bearing stratum
次层(台)substratum
单独基础individual footing
倒梁法inverted beam method
刚性角pressure distribution angle of masonary foundation
刚性基础rigid foundation
高杯口基础
基础埋置深度embeded depth of foundation
基床系数coefficient of subgrade reaction
基底附加应力net foundation pressure
交叉条形基础cross strip footing
接触压力contact pressure
静定分析法(浅基础)static analysis (shallow foundation)
壳体基础shell foundation
扩展基础spread footing
片筏基础mat foundation
浅基础shallow foundation
墙下条形基础
热摩奇金法Zemochkin s method
柔性基础flexible foundation
上部结构-基础-土共同作用分析structure- foundation-soil interactionanalysis
谈弹性地基梁(板)分析analysis of beams and slabs on elastic foundation
条形基础strip footing
下卧层substratum
箱形基础box foundation

18. 深基础
贝诺托灌注桩Benoto cast-in-place pile
波动方程分析Wave equation analysis
场铸桩(台)cast-in-place pile
沉管灌注桩diving casting cast-in-place pile
沉井基础open-end caisson foundation
沉箱基础box caisson foundation
成孔灌注同步桩synchronous pile
承台pile caps
充盈系数fullness coefficient
单桩承载力bearing capacity of single pile
单桩横向极限承载力ultimate lateral resistance of single pile
单桩竖向抗拔极限承载力vertical ultimate uplift resistance of single pile
单桩竖向抗压容许承载力vertical ultimate carrying capacity of single pile
单桩竖向抗压极限承载力vertical allowable load capacity of single pile
低桩承台low pile cap
地下连续墙diaphgram wall
点承桩(台)end-bearing pile
动力打桩公式dynamic pile driving formula
端承桩end-bearing pile
法兰基灌注桩Franki pile
负摩擦力negative skin friction of pile
钢筋混凝土预制桩precast reinforced concrete piles
钢桩steel pile
高桩承台high-rise pile cap
灌注桩cast-in-place pile
横向载荷桩laterally loaded vertical piles
护壁泥浆slurry coat method
回转钻孔灌注桩rotatory boring cast-in-place pile
静力压桩silent piling
抗拔桩uplift pile
抗滑桩anti-slide pile
摩擦桩friction pile
木桩timber piles
嵌岩灌注桩piles set into rock
群桩pile groups
群桩效率系数efficiency factor of pile groups
群桩效应efficiency of pile groups
群桩竖向极限承载力vertical ultimate load capacity of pile groups
深基础deep foundation
竖直群桩横向极限承载力
无桩靴夯扩灌注桩rammed bulb ile
桩piles
桩基动测技术dynamic pile test
钻孔墩基础drilled-pier foundation
钻孔扩底灌注桩under-reamed bored pile
钻孔压注桩starsol enbesol pile
最后贯入度final set

19. 地基处理
表层压密法surface compaction
超载预压surcharge preloading
袋装砂井sand wick
地工织物geofabric, geotextile
地基处理ground treatment, foundation treatment
电动化学灌浆electrochemical grouting
电渗法electro-osmotic drainage
顶升纠偏法
定喷directional jet grouting
冻土地基处理frozen foundation improvement
短桩处理treatment with short pile
堆载预压法preloading
粉体喷射深层搅拌法powder deep mixing method
复合地基composite foundation
干振成孔灌注桩vibratory bored pile
高压喷射注浆法jet grounting
灌浆材料injection material
灌浆法grouting
硅化法silicification
夯实桩compacting pile
化学灌浆chemical grouting
换填法cushion
灰土桩lime soil pile
挤密灌浆compaction grouting
挤密桩compaction pile, compacted column
挤淤法displacement method
加筋法reinforcement method
加筋土reinforced earth
碱液法soda solution grouting
浆液深层搅拌法grout deep mixing method
降低地下水位法dewatering method
坑式托换pit underpinning
冷热处理法freezing and heating
锚固技术anchoring
锚杆静压桩托换anchor pile underpinning
排水固结法consolidation
膨胀土地基处理expansive foundation treatment
劈裂灌浆fracture grouting
浅层处理shallow treatment
强夯法dynamic compaction
人工地基artificial foundation
容许灌浆压力allowable grouting pressure
褥垫pillow
软土地基soft clay ground
砂井sand drain
砂井地基平均固结度average degree of consolidation of sand-drained ground
砂桩sand column
山区地基处理foundation treatment in mountain area
深层搅拌法deep mixing method
渗入性灌浆seep-in grouting
湿陷性黄土地基处理collapsible loess treatment
石灰系深层搅拌法lime deep mixing method
石灰桩lime column, limepile
树根桩root pile
水泥土水泥掺合比cement mixing ratio
水泥系深层搅拌法cement deep mixing method
水平旋喷horizontal jet grouting
塑料排水带plastic drain
碎石桩gravel pile, stone pillar
天然地基natural foundation
土工聚合物Geopolymer
土工织物geofabric, geotextile
土桩earth pile
托换技术underpinning technique
外掺剂additive
旋喷jet grouting
药液灌浆chemical grouting
预浸水法presoaking
预压法preloading
真空预压vacuum preloading
振冲法vibroflotation method
振冲密实法vibro-compaction
振冲碎石桩vibro replacement stone column
振冲置换法vibro-replacement
振密、挤密法vibro-densification, compacting
置换率(复合地基)replacement ratio
重锤夯实法tamping
桩式托换pile underpinning
桩土应力比stress ratio

20. 动力机器基础
比阻尼容量specific gravity capacity
等效集总参数法constant strain rate consolidation test
地基固有周期natural period of soil site
动基床反力法dynamic subgrade reaction method
动力放大因素dynamic magnification factor
隔振isolation
基础振动foundation vibration
基础振动半空间理论elastic half-space theory of foundation vibration
基础振动容许振幅allowable amplitude of foundation vibration
基础自振频率natural frequency of foundation
集总参数法lumped parameter method
吸收系数absorption coefficient
质量-弹簧-阻尼器系统mass-spring-dushpot system

21. 地基基础抗震
地基固有周期natural period of soil site
地震earthquake, seism, temblor
地震持续时间duration of earthquake
地震等效均匀剪应力equivalent even shear stress of earthquake
地震反应谱earthquake response spectrum
地震烈度earthquake intensity
地震震级earthquake magnitude
地震卓越周期seismic predominant period
地震最大加速度maximum acceleration of earthquake
动力放大因数dynamic magnification factor
对数递减率logrithmic decrement
刚性系数coefficient of rigidity
吸收系数absorption coefficient

22. 室内土工试验
比重试验specific gravity test
变水头渗透试验falling head permeability test
不固结不排水试验unconsolidated-undrained triaxial test
常规固结试验routine consolidation test
常水头渗透试验constant head permeability test
单剪仪simple shear apparatus
单轴拉伸试验uniaxial tensile test
等速加荷固结试验constant loading rate consolidatin test
等梯度固结试验constant gradient consolidation test
等应变速率固结试验equivalent lumped parameter method
反复直剪强度试验repeated direct shear test
反压饱和法back pressure saturation method
高压固结试验high pressure consolidation test
各向不等压固结不排水试验consoidated anisotropically undrained test
各向不等压固结排水试验consolidated anisotropically drained test
共振柱试验resonant column test
固结不排水试验consolidated undrained triaxial test
固结快剪试验consolidated quick direct shear test
固结排水试验consolidated drained triaxial test
固结试验consolidation test
含水量试验water content test
环剪试验ring shear test
黄土湿陷试验loess collapsibility test
界限含水量试验Atterberg limits test
卡萨格兰德法Casagrande s method
颗粒分析试验grain size analysis test
孔隙水压力消散试验pore pressure dissipation test
快剪试验quick direct shear test
快速固结试验fast consolidation test
离心模型试验centrifugal model test
连续加荷固结试验continual loading test
慢剪试验consolidated drained direct shear test
毛细管上升高度试验capillary rise test
密度试验density test
扭剪仪torsion shear apparatus
膨胀率试验swelling rate test
平面应变仪plane strain apparatus
三轴伸长试验triaxial extension test
三轴压缩试验triaxial compression test
砂的相对密实度试验sand relative density test
筛分析sieve analysis
渗透试验permeability test
湿化试验slaking test
收缩试验shrinkage test
塑限试验plastic limit test
缩限试验shrinkage limit test
土工模型试验geotechnical model test
土工织物试验geotextile test
无侧限抗压强度试验unconfined compression strength test
无粘性土天然坡角试验angle of repose of cohesionless soils test
压密不排水三轴压缩试验consolidated undrained triaxial compression test
压密排水三轴压缩试验consolidated drained triaxial compressure test
压密试验consolidation test
液塑限联合测定法liquid-plastic limit combined method
液限试验liquid limit test
应变控制式三轴压缩仪strain control triaxial compression apparatus
应力控制式三轴压缩仪stress control triaxial compression apparatus
有机质含量试验organic matter content test
真三轴仪true triaxial apparatus
振动单剪试验dynamic simple shear test
直剪仪direct shear apparatus
直接剪切试验direct shear test
直接单剪试验direct simple shear test
自振柱试验free vibration column test
K0固结不排水试验K0 consolidated undrained test
K0固结排水试验K0 consolidated drained test

23. 原位测试
标准贯入试验standard penetration test
表面波试验surface wave test
超声波试验ultrasonic wave test
承载比试验Califonia Bearing Ratio Test
单桩横向载荷试验lateral load test of pile
单桩竖向静载荷试验static load test of pile
动力触探试验dynamic penetration test
静力触探试验static cone penetration test
静力载荷试验plate loading test
跨孔试验cross-hole test
块体共振试验block resonant test
螺旋板载荷试验screw plate test
旁压试验pressurementer test
轻便触探试验light sounding test
深层沉降观测deep settlement measurement
十字板剪切试验vane shear test
无损检测nondestructive testing
下孔法试验down-hole test
现场渗透试验field permeability test
原位孔隙水压力量测in situ pore water pressure measurement
原位试验in-situ soil test
最后贯入度final set

 
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